Additive manufacturing hybridization

Additive manufacturing hybridization consists in combining different technologies (machining-DED, DED-PBF, …) to build functional parts and increase AM competitiveness. It is an efficient solution for the manufacturing of large parts (foundry or forge preforms) with significant benefits like cost reduction and shorter lead times.


Additive manufacturing hybridization

Unlike the use of only one AM technology, the interest of combining different manufacturing technologies (conventional and/or additive) is to take advantage of each process (technical possibilities, implementation costs, …) while overcoming their individual implementation constraints.

Process hybridization is adapted for the manufacturing of large and complex parts, the repair or the addition of feature on finished parts. The process offers also the possibility to work with several materials on the same part (Stainless steel + Copper, …) and to build new shapes.

It is also an economical solution with significant cost reduction and shorter lead times.

Hybridization examples :

  • DED (Direct Energy Deposition) + machining
  • PBF (Powder Bed Fusion) + machining
  • DED (Direct Energy Deposition) + PBF
  • PBF (Powder Bed Fusion) + laser welding
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Additive manufacturing hybridization in detail

A rational and economical manufacturing

The new additive manufacturing technologies open up new manufacturing possibilities (multi-material parts, more or less complex, optimized geometries, performance gains, etc.).
Nevertheless, beyond the technical possibilities there is an economic reality. The combination of conventional and additive processes (or additive and additive) allows to maximize the technical and economic gain during the manufacturing or repair.
Additive manufacturing must be considered as a complementary tool to conventional production processes.


  • Addition of features
  • Repair
  • Manufacturing of complex parts
  • Multi-materials (FGM)


  • Competitive compared with the use of one single AM process
  • Shorter lead times
  • Manufacturing costs reduction
  • Multi-materials (FGM)

Examples of applications

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